Top 10 most famous landmarks in Europe

From historic palaces to places of worship, Europe is abundant with history, culture, and famous landmarks.

All across the continent, Europe has a plethora of fascinating scenes and historical sites to discover. So, if you’re visiting the ‘Old Continent’, these are the top ten most famous landmarks in Europe to see.

With architecture dating back to prehistoric times and engineering constructed as recently as the 20th-century, Europe tells a tale of centuries through its historical sites.

So, whether you’re a history buff or just want to find out a little bit more about the world around you, read on.

10. Mont Saint Michel, Normandy – a medieval island city

Mont Saint Michel is a medieval island city.
Credit: Pixabay / Annabel_P

First up on our list of famous landmarks in Europe is the astounding Mont Saint Michel in Normandy, France. This incredible medieval island city is recognisable for its Abbey set atop the hill.

Greeting up to two million visitors every year, this popular tourist attraction is a truly fascinating sight to discover.

Address: 50170 Mont Saint-Michel, France

9. Prague Castle, Prague – an incredible 9th-century castle

Prague Castle is one of the most famous landmarks in Europe.
Credit: Pixabay / Julius_Silver

The magical Prague Castle towers high above the city overlooking all the quaint tiled roofs below.

This amazing UNESCO World Heritage Site was built in the 9th-century and is recognised as the largest ancient castle complex in the world. 

However, what is so fascinating about this landmark is the array of architectural styles, thanks to its numerous renovations undertaken throughout the years.

Address: Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1, Czechia

8. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Pisa – defined by its biggest failing

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is defined by its biggest fault.
Credit: Pixabay / monikawl999

The Leaning Tower of Pisa in the small Tuscan city of the same name is one of the most iconic sites in the world.

This unusual site attracts thousands of visitors every year, snapping creative pictures alongside the tower. Built in the 12th-century on an unstable foundation, the tower has become defined by perhaps its biggest failing at the time.

Address: Piazza del Duomo, 56126 Pisa PI, Italy

7. St Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow – for unusual architecture

St Basil's Cathedral is one of the most amazing famous landmarks in Europe.
Credit: Pixabay / essuera

The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, or Basil’s Cathedral, in Moscow is perhaps one of the most surreal entries on this list.

This collection of nine chapels is defined by its unique architectural style and colourful onion domes.

Address: Red Square, Moscow, Russia, 109012

6. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin – a marvellous historic site

The Brandenburg Gate is truly majestic.
Credit: Pixabay / valentinsan

Inspired by the ancient architecture of the Parthenon in Athens, the Brandenburg Gate is one of Germany’s most iconic sites.

Erected between 1788 and 1791, this magnificent columned gateway was once a sign of division between East and West Berlin.

Address: Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin, Germany

5. La Sagrada Família, Barcelona – a Gaudian cathedral

La Sagrada Familia is one of the most famous landmarks in Europe.
Credit: Pixabay / Patrice_Audet

No list of famous landmarks in Europe would be complete without mentioning the incredible La Sagrada Família in Barcelona.

Towering high above the city and coastline below, this fantastic Basilica was designed by Antoni Gaudi in 1883.

Address: Carrer de Mallorca, 401, 08013 Barcelona, Spain

4. Big Ben, London – one of the most famous clocktowers in the world

Big Ben is a must-visit while in London.
Credit: Pixabay / 12019

Perhaps the most iconic clocktower in the world, Big Ben is a must-visit on any visit to London.

What is lesser-known, however, is the ‘Big Ben’ is, in fact, the nickname of the bell inside. The tower is actually called the Elizabeth Tower!

Address: London SW1A 0AA

3. Parthenon, Greece – for ancient history

The Parthenon is one of the famous landmarks in Europe.
Credit: Pixabay / nonbirinonko

For anyone interested in the Ancient Greeks, a trip to the Parthenon on Acropolis Hill in Athens is a must.

Welcoming hundreds of thousands of visitors every year, this incredible Unesco World Heritage Site features an array of ancient buildings that provide a fascinating insight into the past.

Take a stroll around the Acropolis and learn about the foundations of the world we live in today.

Address: Athens 105 58, Greece

2. Colosseum, Rome – a symbol of Ancient Rome

The Colosseum is a symbol of Ancient Rome.
Credit: Pixabay / SungRae_Kim

If the ancient Romans are more your thing, then you need to pay a visit to the Colosseum in Rome.

Welcoming six million visitors every year, this historic site is among the most popular attractions in the world.

At the time of its construction in 72 AD, the Colosseum was the largest amphitheatre in the world. Offering a fascinating insight into the world of the Roman Empire, this circular theatre was the site of violent gladiatorial shows and other performances.

Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

1. Eiffel Tower, Paris – an inspiring feat of engineering

The Eiffel Tower tops our list of famous landmarks in Europe.
Credit: Pixabay / TheDigitalArtist

Topping our list of the most famous landmarks in Europe is the stunning Eiffel Tower at the heart of Paris.

This incredible feat of engineering was constructed in 1887 under the instruction of architect Gustave Eiffel. Standing at 324 m (1,063 ft) tall, the Eiffel Tower is the tallest structure in Paris and offers fantastic views of the sprawling city for miles around.

Welcoming over seven million visitors annually, this is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world.

Address: Champ de Mars, 5 Av. Anatole France, 75007 Paris, France

Siân McQuillan
Siân McQuillan is a writer and travel lover from County Down, Northern Ireland. While she enjoys travelling to other countries and exploring new places, she loves nothing more than discovering all the wonders her home country of Ireland has to offer. When not writing about her travel experiences, Siân can be found exploring the great outdoors and will more than likely be somewhere near the Mourne Mountains or the Causeway Coast.

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